February 22, 2017 - 11:54pm EST by
2017 2018
Price: 96.00 EPS 0 0
Shares Out. (in M): 770 P/E 0 0
Market Cap (in $M): 74,000 P/FCF 0 0
Net Debt (in $M): 13,000 EBIT 0 0
TEV (in $M): 87,000 TEV/EBIT 0 0

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  • Merger Arbitrage
  • two posts in one day






I recommend a long position in Time Warner. Under the terms of its cash/stock merger with AT&T, shareholders will receive roughly $107.80 per share (based on AT&T's current share price). This represents a highly attractive 12% absolute return and, assuming a year-end close, a 14% annualized return.  In addition, TWX shareholders will also receive 3 to 4 dividend distributions of $0.405 between now and deal closing, an additional 1.8% yield. 


Based on its relative valuation (in line with peers), TWX appears to be largely discounting a failed transaction, suggesting minimal downside risk in the unlikely event of deal breakage.  I view TWX shares as a highly attractive alternative to holding cash in the current environment.


Terms of the Transaction

TWX shareholders will receive $53.75 in cash and roughly $53.75 in stock.  The stock portion is subject to a collar – 1.437 shares if AT&T shares are below $37.411 at closing and 1.3 AT&T shares if AT&T stock price is above $41.349 at closing.  Based on the current T share price of $41.59, the stock consideration is currently valued at $54.07.  The break-up fee is modest for AT&T at $500 million and $1.72 billion for TWX.


AT&T - Time Warner Spread Among the Widest Among all Large Cap Deals

The current spread implied by AT&T’s share price is roughly 12% on an absolute basis and 14% annualized, assuming a 12.31.17 closing.  This is the highest upside potential of any M&A transaction of size greater than $15 billion, excepting Monsanto/Bayer.   


Announced Merger Arbitrage Deals Above $15 billion (US targets)


We believe there are three principal reasons for the wide spread


1)    The uncertainty created by the administration’s (i.e. President Trump) unusually outspoken stance against the deal.

2)    The large size of the deal (i.e. not enough event driven capital to close the spread in and of itself)

3)    The cost of shorting AT&T, given the 4.7% dividend



High Likelihood of Deal Closing

I believe the deal is highly likely to close.  For AT&T, the deal represents a vertical integration that likely improves upon standalone AT&T’s long-term growth rate.  AT&T’s wireless growth rate has been showing signs of deterioration for some time and the DirecTV business is clearly maturing. TWX is unlikely to break the deal unless superior alternatives exist.

The FCC is not expected to have to approve of any license transfers.  Regulatory approval appears to rest in the hands of the DOJ. While President Trump has been a vocal critic of the deal and CNN, in particular, there is little that the President can do to block the deal.  To the extent Justice follows his lead, AT&T maybe required to sell or spin-off CNN.  From a strict antitrust perspective a vertical integration of entertainment and distribution does not appear to have any meaningful hurdles to overcome and does not appear to lessen competition in any way.  Comcast NBC was the last vertical integration in the media and communications industry.

Time Warner Stock has Performed in line with Peers

It is worth pointing out that TWX share price has only performed in-line with peers since deal announcement.  Looking back to the undisturbed share price of 10.14.17, TWX has actually modestly  underperformed FOXA and CBS shares (see Table below).  Disney shares are up slightly less – 20.6%.  A big reason for the group’s performance has to do with the relatively high tax rates of the entertainment companies – i.e. 30%+ - and the prospects for tax relief.  The AT&T-TWX transaction was announced prior to the election which has turned out to be fortuitous timing for AT&T shareholders.

Current TWX Valuation is in-line with Peers

Moreover, TWX’s valuation is almost exactly in line with its peers – CBS, DIS and FOX.  This suggests limited downside risk associated with a failed merger with AT&T.

Entertainment Industry Comps


I do not hold a position with the issuer such as employment, directorship, or consultancy.
I and/or others I advise hold a material investment in the issuer's securities.


Passage of time

Regulatory approvals

Continued strength in operating results

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